当前位置:cites首页 >> 物种信息 >> 物种评述 >> 云豹
云豹
2012-02-23 14:33:57  作者:  来源:网络  浏览次数:394  文字大小:【】【】【

云 豹  Neofelis nebulosa

英 文 名 Clouded leopard
分类地位: 食肉目(Carnivora) 猫科(Felidae)
濒危等级: CITES附录I
                      IUCN物种红色名录 VU(易危)
                      中国物种红色名录EN(濒危) 
                      国家一级重点保护

形态特征:体长75-110厘米,尾长700-110厘米,体重15-20千克。成兽雄体较大于雌体。全身淡褐色或灰黄色,体侧面自前肢到臀部有数块斜长方形的大云斑,背部有黑纵纹。尾端黑色。

生活习性:栖息于海拔3000米以下热带和亚热带的常绿林区。喜栖树。食性较杂,捕食鸟、啮齿类、猴、鹿、野猪等。多在冬春发情,孕期90天,于春夏产仔,每胎2-4仔,多为2仔,哺乳期2个月左右。约一岁半性成熟。人工饲养下寿命可达17岁。

分布区域:国内分布北限在甘肃南部及陕西秦岭,西至西藏察隅等地,南达于海南省,东至浙江省及台湾省,包括江西、湖北、湖南、福建、四川、贵州、广东、云南诸省。中国分布有指名和台湾2个亚种。后者为台湾特有,很可能已灭绝。国外分布产于尼泊尔、不丹、印度阿萨姆地区、中南半岛、马来半岛、印度尼西亚、苏门答腊和加里曼丹等。

威胁因素:主要是生境破坏和毛皮狩猎。

保护状况:各省分布区域均建立有保护区。

Physical Features: The Clouded leopard has a head and body length of 75-110 cm and a tail length of 70-110 cm. Weights range 15-20 kg. Male is slightly bigger than female. Its coloration is light brown or buff, and with big black rings like clouds

Living Habits: It is most associated with primary evergreen tropical and subtropical forests. It has been recorded at elevations of as high as 3000 meters. The cat adept well in trees, hunting for birds, monkeys, squirrels, reptiles, deer and wild pigs. After a 90-day of pregnancy, 2-4 offsprings are usually to be produced. Sexual maturity is reached at 1.5 years.

Distribution: The clouded leopard occurs in most of provinces in southern China, including Xizang, Sichuan, Gansu, Shanxi, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Zhejiang, Fujian, Guangxi, Guangdong, Hainan and Taiwan. Taiwan has its own subspecies Neofelis nebulosa brachyurus which is possibly extinct.

Threats to Survival: Habitats destruction and over-hunting are the main threats in China.

Conservation: Many reservers have been established in its area.

相关文章